Recently, we have learned from Hangzhou Exit Inspection and Quarantine, The Zhejiang Inspection and Quarantine Bureau inspected 5679.02 tons of frozen vegetable and fruit products exported from Hangzhou area, US $6.2451 million. The amount decreased 54% and 65% respectively year on year, compared with the same period of last year, the decrease was 144% and 195% respectively, export situation continued sharply lower for two consecutive years.
It is understood that Hangzhou frozen fruits and vegetables products are mainly exported to Japan, New Zealand, the United States, the European Union, Canada, Thailand and other countries and regions, of which more than 80% of exports to Japan and the European Union.
Frozen fruits and vegetables export products are mainly used for foreign restaurants, schools and other dining places with assist dishes, and it is deeply loved by consumers in Japan, Europe, America and other places. In recent years, the export of fruit and vegetable products in Hangzhou has been decreasing continuously due to the increase of production cost, the shrinking of foreign consumption market and the transfer of foreign merchants' purchasing channels.
Some enterprises reflect that in recent years, the labor cost of the export of vegetable and fruit products in Hangzhou has risen by about 10% each year, the cost of environmental protection, natural gas and so on is 2-3 times higher than that of the original. In addition, it was affected by cold weather at the end of last year, the main export varieties such as cauliflower, yellow autumn anemone and bamboo shoot were reduced by 20% to 30%. It led to the average price of raw materials for export of fruits and vegetables increase by more than 20% last year. In order to reduce the cost of production, the raw material supply base for vegetables and fruits in Hangzhou is gradually transferred to inland provinces such as Anhui, the area of vegetable planting in Hangzhou is reduced by nearly 20% a year.
Compared with the higher cost in China, the European and American countries also increase the rate of self-sufficiency in the raw materials of fruits and vegetables. Ye Chunwei, manager of Zhejiang Shindy Jiahe Food Co., Ltd., told reporters. Before, vegetable crops in European countries are harvested mechanically, it has a bad effect on the appearance of vegetables, manufactured products are not as good as artificial picking in China, European countries have a large demand for fruits and vegetables in China. In recent years, a new product of mixed fruits and vegetables has been developed in Europe, the raw manufacturer processed the fruits and vegetables for the second time, at the same time, they decrease the demand in the appearance of fruits and vegetables. Vegetables such as sweet peas, peas, broccoli, European companies are making heavy use of raw fruits and vegetables harvested locally. Compared with mechanical harvesting, the cost of artificial picking in China does not have obvious advantages. In the meantime, Europe has a higher requirement for agricultural residues in fruits and vegetables, using local raw materials and easy to control product quality. On the other hand, European countries have also shifted the supply of vegetable and fruit raw materials to African countries with cheaper labor and raw materials. This year, the number of frozen fruits and vegetables dropped by 50 percent in Hangzhou, a 25 percent drop from last year.
Japan is another major market for China's export of fruits and vegetables. In recent years, due to the sluggish domestic economic growth, the continuous weakening of the consumer market and the slowing down of export customers' inventory consumption, China's demand for fruits and vegetables has been shrinking. Since 2013, the number of fruits and vegetables exported to Japan continues to decline. The decline of this year is up to nearly 60%.
The weakness of the export market has prompted the enterprises to begin to adjust their own industrial structure. Because of the low profit of frozen vegetable products exported in the form of raw material supply, some export fruit and vegetable enterprises have begun to invest in new production lines, they began to produce products with relatively high added value, such as export baking pastries, conditioning food, etc. The risk of reducing the single production of fast frozen vegetable and fruit products can be reduced.